Safety monitoring is divided into three areas:
- Normative phase: The FOT ensures that that safety provisions are up to date, user friendly, economically feasible, and controllable.
- Preventive phase: The FOT uses various instruments to exercise preventive supervision. For example, in the planning permission process, it checks whether the documents submitted by infrastructure managers can ensure that installations will be constructed and operated in line with regulations.
- Operating phase: Public transport operating safety is fundamentally the responsibility of the transport companies, as well as of those who design installations. The FOT examines whether the undertakings concerned are taking that responsibility.